Some rotator cuff injuries may require surgery when nonsurgical treatments have not worked, but evidence suggests that nonsurgical treatments can help with most cases.
Shoulder pain has many different causes and treatments. It isn't easy to know the difference between different types of shoulder pain, like a frozen shoulder, shoulder blade pain, or symptoms of a rotator cuff tear. This is why you need to get medical attention if you have shoulder pain—and the treatment is tailored to the cause, your overall health, and your level of activity.
A doctor or physiotherapist can use one of more than 25 functional tests during a physical exam to diagnosis a torn rotator cuff. Some of these tests directly indicate a rotator cuff injury and others rule out similar injuries like nerve impingement or torn labrum.
Frozen shoulder syndrome occurs when the mobility of your shoulder joint is restricted to the degree that it feels frozen in place. The limited range of motion of your shoulder joint makes it difficult or painful to perform certain movements. To regain mobility, you must create an effective treatment plan involving stretching and massage.